The Languages skill determines the number of languages you know – a level of Poor means you can speak just one language, and each additional level grants another language, with Superb giving a total of seven. Secondly, you can roll against your languages ability to try to understand a language you don’t know provided you do know at least one language in the same group. You need a result of Fair for basic understanding of everyday speech, and Good or better to understand anything complex or idiomatic.

Your first language is your ‘mother tongue’, and you speak every other language with a noticeable accent from which most native speakers will be able to determine your origin. The Languages section in this chapter lists the languages of Kalyr.

Kandar Languages

All kandar languages are descended from the root language of Old Kandar, and are treated as the same group for the purposes of the Languages ability.

  • Old Kandar: The is the ancient kandar tongue of the old days of the first empire, and the ancestral tongue all modern kandar languages are derived from. It is no longer used in everyday speech, but still used in religious rituals, and for official treaties and the like. Still taught to most educated kandar, and is now more often written than spoken.

  • Filgan: The language spoken in the northern kandar nations of Narylar, Filgeth and Calbeyn, also spoken as a first language by many human in these cities.

  • Vohrran: The language spoken throughout the Great Empire of Vohrleyn. Almost all kandar speak it as either a first or second language.

  • Konaic: The official language of the Konaic empire, spoken in Karmork and the surrounding area but little used elsewhere. Even the Konaic empire has a Vohrran-speaking majority in it’s southern provinces.

  • Kasiran: The language of the kandar living in the remote desert nation of Kasir, and spoken by very few other kandar.

  • Kavanish: An old language from the city of Kavarnak, which was destroyed centuries ago in the Doomwar. Spoken by a few kandar in Valgar and Keylin. It’s probably more use in deciphering ancient documents than for any other purpose.

  • Kelban: The official language of the remote Isle of Kelbers. It’s much closer to Old Kandar than any other modern Kandar language. A few Ravenans speak it as a second language.

Human Languages

Mannish and the various old tongues count as the same group for the purposes of the Languages ability. Mannish is also a special case – it shares enough common words with the kandar family of languages to count as part of that group. This doesn’t apply to any of the old tongues, which have nothing in common with any kandar language.

  • Mannish: A corrupted form of old human languages with many Filgan and Vohrran words. Spoken by all lower-class humans. Also the main language in the assorted ‘free’ communities.

  • Old Tongues: This is not a single language, but a collective name for the various ancient languages spoken in corrupted forms, especially among the free peoples. Some of these languages Very few such languages have been documented by kandar scholars.

Zughru Languages

All zughru languages are descended from the root of Old Zughru, and are therefore in the same group for the purposes of the Languages ability.

  • Old Zughru: The ancestral zughru language, which is no longer spoken. It’s used far less by zughru than Old Kandar is by kandar, so it’s mainly of value to read ancient zughru texts. For this reason it’s read by a few kandar academics in written form only.

  • Rhukhadhic: The language used by the southern zughru in the underground kingdom of Rhukadh. There is a small amount of trade to and from Rhukadh, so a few kandar and human traders may pick up a little of this tongue.

  • Zurglauzic: The language used by the northern zughru in the mountains of Zurglauz. The remoteness and reclusiveness of the Zurglauz zughru means that very few humans or kandar are likely to learn this tongue.

Other Languages

These languages are completely alien both from each other, and from any kandar, zughru and human languages, although the various Sssraa and Vordral languages are effectively groups in their own right.

  • Sssraa: This is the language of the reptilian race of that name, difficult for either humans or kandar to pronounce due to differently shaped mouths. There are a great many different dialects exist, some of which are so different as to be virtually separate languages. None of these dialects have any known written forms, unless the Sssraa are very good at keeping it’s existence a secret. There is little reason for any city dweller, kandar or human to learn this language, but members of free human tribes living in close proximity to Sssraa communities may learn a few words of the tongue.

  • Ulmish: The native language of the diminutive and enigmatic Uleem. Written Ulmish is difficult to learn because it uses a different alphabet from the languages of the kandar and zughru. Uleem dwelling in kandar cities usually speak one of the kandar languages and/or Mannish, and only ever use Ulmish in private. It is very rare indeed for a kandar or human to learn this language.

  • Vordral Tongues: Like the Old Tongues of humans, this is not a single language, but the name given to the various corrupt dialects of old kandar spoken by the deformed and bestial vordral peoples. Few if any vordral can write, so these languages don’t have commonly accepted written forms.

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